DMAA – also referred to as 1,3-dimethylamylamine or geranium extract – is a constituent of the geranium plant, found in the oil obtained from the steam distillation of the stems and leaves. It is a mild stimulant that is found in a specific type of geranium plant grown primarily in China. This plant has been consumed as food for well over a century.
Yes. These peer-reviewed studies were all performed at the University of Memphis by esteemed supplement researcher Richard Bloomer, Ph.D. and were printed in respected journals. The full text.of each study can be found on the “Clinical Research” page.
WADA did not ban DMAA because of any concerns about safety. The WADA oversees Olympic athletes and does not allow DMAA to be used by their athletes because it is considered a performance enhancer. WADA’s focus is on whether a certain compound works to improve performance; therefore giving the user an advantage over other athletes.
All tested athletes should get every supplement cleared with their testing body before taking a single dose.
WADA athletes are the extreme minority of the entire U.S. population and most Americans are not, and should not be, affected by their guidelines.
Glycerol, a common food ingredient in beverages, nutrition bars and other food items, is also banned by WADA.
No. DMAA does not have the phenethylamine skeleton. Thus, it is incorrect to refer to it as an amphetamine because all amphetamines are phenethylamines.
If you are a competitive athlete and are tested for DMAA, yes. DMAA is considered a performance-enhancing compound. If you are tested for DMAA and you take DMAA, the test will detect this, just as if you took glycerol and were tested for glycerol. If you consume a compound and are tested for that compound specifically, the test will read positive.
There is also some data that suggests DMAA may cause a false-positive for amphetamines in certain types of urine “kits”. However, once that initial test is confirmed through another more advanced method, it no longer reads as positive. That is standard for drug testing.
This is the fault of the kits, not DMAA. There are literally dozens of over-the-counter products that can cause false-positive results. For example, if you use a nasal spray for common cold systems, a false positive test can also be recorded.
DMAA, just like any other compound, should be used responsibly. You should always follow labeled directions for use and warnings.
Always follow labeled directions for use and warnings.
Extreme weather conditions (high heat, humidity, etc), sleep deprivation, lack of caloric consumption, dehydration or improper hydration levels are all concerns by themselves and should not be combined with caffeine, DMAA or other stimulants.
It is highly advised, as with any compound, to start off on the low end. More is not always better. Always follow labeled directions for use and warnings.
A case study published in December 2010 outlined a 21-year-old male who consumed between 578-600 mg of DMAA (which was marketed as a “party pill” in New Zealand), along with 150 mg of caffeine and one can of beer (1). The subject suffered a brain hemorrhage due to In what overdose coupled with potential drug-drug interactions. He was released from the hospital after a full recovery.
The amount of DMAA consumed was between 10-30 times higher than the amount present in DMAA-containing dietary supplements. Taking 10-30 times more than the recommended dose of DMAA and many similar products can cause serious adverse side effects and even death. For example, 250-300 mg of coffee is the equivalent of 2-3 cups of coffee, and produces effects similar to supplements containing DMAA. If someone consumed 10-30 times that amount of coffee, or 20-90 cups, that could lead to serious adverse side effects and potentially even death.(2-4).
- Gee P, Jackson S, Easton J. Another bitter pill: a case of toxicity from DMAA party pills. The New Zealand Medical Journal. 17;123(1327):124-127, 2010.
- Kerrigan S & Lindsey T. Fatal caffeine overdose: two case reports. Forensic Sci Int. 2005 Oct 4;153(1):67-69
- Holmgren P, Norden-Pettersson L, Ahlner J. Caffeine fatalities—four case reports. Forensic Sci Int. 2004 Jan 6;139(1):71-73
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